The cannabis plant always comes from either a seed or a clone. Thus, when we speak of autoflowering feminized seeds breeding, we can always refer to the mother stock which is a very high-valued plan for all growers and gardeners. All mother plants can grow in a continuous vegetative phase as clones and they are repeatedly attached on it. The clones of automatic feminized seeds guarantee that plants shall grow in the garden with the same rate. Also, if you want to grow a quality product that can produce as the same might as the mother plant where they come from.
Now, let us take a look why are these mother plants so important in such a way that you can produce a quality mother stock. Choosing how to protect and preserve automatic feminized seeds is a big decision that can guarantee a big profit for your company.
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How Can Autoflowering Feminized Seeds Reproduce?
Before we discuss cloning your autoflowering feminized seeds, we should discuss first on how plants reproduce. Depending on their species, plants reproduce through either asexual or sexual reproduction. With asexual reproduction, a living thing will create an identical clone of the parent organism. Sexual reproduction, in plants, is similar to sexual reproduction in larger species. Male and female plant sex cells unite to form one fertilized plant cell. This is a period when plants create flowers. The flowers help the plant sex cells get fertilized. The offspring will become a new plant, often fruit and/or seed that shares chromosomes with the two parent cells.
How Do Cannabis Plants Reproduce Sexually?
Cannabis plants reproduce sexually through the union of the male and the female sex cell. Sexual reproduction requires one male sex cell and one female sex cell to unite to form a new cell during fertilization. Fertilized cells develop into an embryo and grow into a new, genetically different organism. In plants, the delivery of these sex cells can be either through a flower or a cone.
Conifers & Their Cones
Conifers are named for the cones they produce for reproduction. They’re also recognizable by their needle-like leaves. Conifers produce two types of cones. One of the cones gives off pollen (male sex cells). The other type of cone catches the pollen. This can be called the ovulate cone. Ovules are the female sex cells.
The sex cells combine and the fertilized ovule will form the embryo. This baby conifer can grow from a seed or out of the cone itself. Popular conifers are cedars, firs, cypresses, junipers, pines, redwoods, and spruces.
Flowers and Pollination
Flowers are the sex cells of the plant. The pollination of flowers is the most popular form of plant sexual reproduction, but this process can often be complex and involve additional species or environmental factors.
Before we can get there, let’s review the parts of a flower.
The Importance of Automatic Feminized Seeds for a Mother Plant
The mother plant of cannabis can guarantee consistency which is the main key for growers to offer a product that all customers and client can demand from time to time or over and over again. When you grow from automatic feminized seeds. The growers can deal with far better variability when it comes to growth patterns, soil attributes, nutrient needs, and temperature conditions. Take note that some stable seeds can produce a much lesser type of wild automatic feminized seeds. You can have a whole lot of canopy that you can find with clones.
Another benefit of getting cannabis mother plants is that it will save all growers the time and money they have to invest in producing the yield they desire. Purchasing clones which are individually sold can get so pricy. So you really have to take your time to grow your very own crop and have it germinated handful with the same automatic feminized seeds as the mother plant. In return, quality mother plant can give you many quality clones despite the seasons.
Once the stigma is exposed and pollen is flowing, it’s mating season for the flower. Flowering plants require a delivery system for pollen. This can be the wind, insects like bees, or animals. Often, the nectar in flowers is to attract other organisms. The pollen sticks to these organisms and gets brought to other flowers in a process called pollination.
How Do Cannabis Plants Reproduce Asexually?
While sexual reproduction is more common in animals, there are many species of cannabis plants that reproduce asexually. How do cannabis plants reproduce without fertilization? There are a few different methods. These methods can either create clones or just individual parts of the main plant itself. Either way, they do ensure that more of your favorite fruits, vegetables, and spices are around for you to eat.
Asexual reproduction in plants can include a few different processes: budding & vegetative propagation, spore formation, and apomixis.
Budding & Vegetative Propagation
Scientifically, budding is when an organism grows a bud that becomes a completely separate organism. On a cellular level, this happens via mitosis as a plant’s cell splits to form identical cells. Those cells continue to reproduce until they form a separate organism.
Plant budding is somewhat different. In a process called vegetative propagation, vegetative multiplication, or vegetative cloning, parts of a plant will develop buds that become an additional plant. In this process, parts of the stem, root or leaves from buds which develop roots.
This process can happen if parts of the plant are removed from the original. If a plant becomes large enough to sustain additional plant growth it can also grow new plants. These buds grow into entirely new plants.
Plant Parts & Natural Vegetative Propagation
Vegetative propagation is a natural way for plants to spread their genetic material through cloning. They’ll often form additional plants from various specialized parts:
A rhizome is an underground stem, sometimes called a rootstalk. Rhizomes serve as protein and starch storage units for plants. Rhizomes allow a new plant to grow horizontally from the original.
Also known as runners, these stems grow out of the stem just below the soil surface. These buds tend to be similar to rhizomes but are more widely separated from their original plant.
Bulbs are inflated parts of the stem often used for food storage during dormancy. They often have plump and layered leaves that provide nutrients to the new plant.
There are two types of tubers that can grow into new plants. Stem tubers grow from rhizomes or stolons that swell from storing nutrients. They become so large they can create a new plant. Root tubers are root segments that store nutrients. If they get large enough they can produce a new plant.
Corms, also known as bulbotubers, are similar but slightly different from tubers and bulbs. Corms consist of solid tissue while bulbs can have some leaves attached. Similarly, they store nutrients for the plant.
- Basal Shoots
Also known as root sprouts and suckers, basal shoots are plant stems that arise at the base of parent plants stems or on roots. This is the most similar to the biological process of budding. Basal shoots can look like small saplings that grow from trees or tree parts.
Cloning of the New Mother Plants through Genetic Engineering
According to @Killa.Krissy, one of the renowned Instagram influencers for cannabis plants, when debating the pros and cons of cloning mother plants through genetic engineering, people often start with discussing whether there is even a need for genetic engineering. Scientists generally agree that genetic engineering could be used to fix severe genetic disorders in plants by replacing defective genes with healthy ones. In fact, this is an important tool in clinical trials, allowing scientists to study the function of specific genes.
By harvesting drugs, vaccines, and other elements from organisms that produce them naturally, doctors can more quickly treat conditions or even prevent them from occurring. Crops developed through genetic engineering grow faster, produce an increased yield, have a higher nutritional value, and have a greater tolerance to environmental stress. They achieve this by introducing the desired DNA directly into the host organism or into a specific cell that they then fuse which with a host.
Cloning Autoflowering Feminized Seeds Spore Formation
Similar to fungi, some plants can reproduce via spores. Spores are single cells or units that when released can grow into a new plant. Mosses and ferns spread by forming spores that when transferred to the ground or released in the air will develop into a new organism.
How do plants reproduce without being fertilized? Apomixis is a process where plants can produce seeds asexually. It’s almost a midway point between asexual and sexual reproduction. This process can involve unfertilized sex organs of plants growing into seeds or plants creating full-cloned seeds. Popular species that can reproduce via apomixis are citrus fruits, agave, blackberries, and dandelions.
The clones are all genetically similar to the mother plants as we select a quality type of mother plant. This is very crucial for a successful and bountiful harvest. Also, the pack of seeds can grow in the same strain as with others since there exists many different phenotypes or various physical outlook. There are different phenotypes of various plants which makes the selection process of the mother plant much more difficult. Hereinafter, here are the steps in selecting the best method for the mother plant: